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What is a systematic review?

A systematic review is research that assembles data from preexisting research to answer a specific question.

The process of collecting and analyzing the evidence follows specific methodological standards and guidance to reduce bias and thereby increase the reliability of the findings.  

Cochrane states that a systematic review, “... attempts to identify, appraise and synthesize all the empirical evidence that meets pre-specified eligibility criteria to answer a specific research question."

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